‘Allocation of necessary funds under the NEP in the 2022 budget’
By Prateek Gujral, Senior Advisor (South Asia), Truman State University
“Internationalization” is an important aspect of improving higher education in India. With the establishment of the National Education Policy 2020, there is huge potential to take the Indian higher education system to the international level. Collaboration with foreign universities will bring best practices of global education to the country leading Indian universities to improve their current education standards/practices. This way, more Indian students will also have access to international exposure within their campuses at Indian institutions. It would also mean the entry of more skilled labor to meet the needs of industry in India.
To make these knowledge partnerships meaningful and more effective, they must include democratization of higher education in India, empowerment of Indian universities and those engaging in internationalization as well as greater sovereignty so that these institutions are creative in forming meaningful collaborations, and regulatory reforms to enable such collaborations. commitments.
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NEP 2020 emphasized on blending liberal education with different fields to ensure comprehensive education with research programs. Partnerships between international and Indian universities will certainly be an advantage in this regard as well.
As UGC is rapidly preparing statutory regulations for academic collaborations between Indian and foreign educational institutions, it is important that the government encourages and incentivizes private and foreign universities to,
1. Facilitate cross-border academic collaborations
2. Facilitate the granting of joint degrees, dual degrees and twinning programs that would gain regulatory recognition from Indian university regulators.
The last two years after the start of the pandemic have brought into sharp relief the serious issues of equity and access in the field of higher education – many of which had been identified, but not yet resolved, such as,
innovations in higher education provision
how to transform teaching methodologies that could improve student learning outcomes
how to assess students beyond the age-old grading mechanism
set up an academic structure that fosters creativity and innovation
update the school curriculum, which has not happened in many educational institutions due to the lack of timely revision
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All stakeholders in the higher education system need to address the burgeoning disruptive classrooms and change learning methodologies. It is high time to focus on these priorities to bridge the gaps between teaching and learning in higher education institutions and rethink how to make higher education more accessible to a larger student population in India.
Authentic learning leads to learning for life, not just a degree. A thorough analysis of the needs of key stakeholders, i.e. teachers and students, would require renewed attention from the Indian government in terms of providing a framework and incentives for knowledge collaboration between foreign and Indian universities.
The sector needs the increased flow of funds/grants to:
– encourage foreign institutions and teachers to collaborate to improve the school program
– support innovation in existing teaching practices within universities
– requalify Indian teachers for disruptive teaching methodologies
– installation of digital infrastructures and new academic infrastructures in various higher education institutions to cover a wider student population in small towns/villages
– increase scholarships/grants/waivers for students in rural echelons of the country
Since the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 includes several reform proposals, ranging from building the overall personality of students by strengthening open and distance learning infrastructure, online education, to funding private research and the establishment of the National Research Foundation (NRF) to stimulate research work in the country, their implementation within a specific time frame and sufficient budgetary allocation will help to see the transformation in reality.
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